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.NET Vs Java: Which Is Better for Your Business?


Both Java and .NET are the world’s leading programming languages. According to Oracle, Java is a top leading choice of 9 million programmers, and about 8 billion devices are already operating on Java. Likewise, there are about 7 to 8 million of .NET developers who use C# for developing their applications. These figures show that both .NET and Java are popular among developers for developing desktop and server-side programming languages. But still, developers find it hard to opt either .NET or Java due to various reasons, which we discuss today. The technical comparison between .NET and Java will help the developers to select optimized solution according to their needs;

Operating Systems

Java has a winning feature as it operates on almost any operating system. However, .NET shows compatibility with only a few versions of Windows. Java has backend support of Java Virtual Machine (JVM) that enables Java to run on any device and operating system, making it a portable and platform-independent developing language.

Programming Languages

Java and .NET are capable of supporting Ruby, PHP, and Python. Java also supports Clojure, Groovy, Scala, and JavaScript, whereas C++, C#, F#, VB.NET are all supported by .NET.

Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

IDE is a platform comprising of multiple tools and facilities that are necessary for developers to build and test their applications’ functionalities. .NET developers use visual studio IDE for developing their applications, and Java exploits EclipseIntelliJ IDEA, Oracle NetBeans, and Oracle JDeveloper IDEs to build desktop and mobile-based applications.

Job Demand

According to official job portals, such as Indeed and LinkedIn, people need more Java developers than the .NET developers, showing that Java skills are more in demand as compared to .NET skills.

Performance Comparison

Java is a platform-independent approach that allows you to run your already prepared code on any device. Developers can see similarities between Java and .NET as Java has extracted C++ and C syntax, but it offers low-level facilities. .NET comprises of common language infrastructure, and it has a simple, user-friendly, modern environment for building desktop applications. .NET bears array bounds error, collects garbage, type checking, and supports uninitialized variables. On the other side, Java arrays perform the functions of pointing out checked and unchecked expectations.

Before concluding final thoughts, it is important to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the .NET and Java;

Advantages of .NET

  1. It provides a unique, stable, and secure environment to create applications
  2. .NET provides a horizontal platform, helping the developers to find tools easily
  3. It is more secured than the other programming languages
  4. It delivers enrich graphical user interface (GUI) for developing an application

Disadvantages of .NET

  1. The migration towards .NET is expensive
  2. Users depend on Microsoft for updates and premium features
  3. .NET runs managed code slower than the native code

Advantages of Java

  1. It is easy to migrate between Java platforms due to the presence of backward compatibility
  2. Object-relational support is better as Java calls the database-less frequently
  3. Java developers and communities are constantly growing and evolving, ensuring the beginners to seek help whenever it is needed
  4. Java delivers multiple free integrating connectors
  5. Integration between Java apps is also seamless through other platforms by exploiting improvised integration tools such as Travis CI and Jenkins
  6. With Java apps, you can handle a large amount of data along with a high number of users.
  7. It offers you open-source compatibility

Disadvantages of Java

  1. Since Java has a multi-platform approach, it carries speed issues 
  2. Platform-independent also makes it vulnerable and insecure
  3. People with advanced expertise and skills are required to use the Java platform

Final thoughts

There’s no left and right choice between Java and .NET. It depends on the needs to complete a certain project. You need to determine the total cost, development skills, project planning, IDE platforms, secure and interoperable tools to achieve desired results. It is a recommended approach to identify the advantages and disadvantages of .NET and Java and then opt for an optimized solution.

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